Travel to Turkey

Travel to Turkey

According to top-medical-schools, Turkey is a fascinating and complex holiday country that has something for every taste. The blue mosque’s six sylvan minarets stand out beautifully against Istanbul’s horizon. In the second part of the garden, the evening visitors revolve around the beautifully ocher-colored Hagia Sophia. As a church, it was the center of the Byzantine Empire for almost a thousand years until the Ottomans conquered what was then Constantinople and converted the church into a mosque.

Population: 81 million

Capital: Ankara

Language: Turkish

the myth of Santa Claus has its origins in Saint Nicholas who was bishop of Myra? To make life a little easier for poor families, he threw coins into their chimneys.

there is actually a place in Turkey called Batman? However, it has nothing to do with Hollywood movies or cartoons.

Istanbul

Today’s Hagia Sophia houses an impressive museum with, among other things, gold mosaics that cover a wall area of ​​1.6 hectares. Among Istanbul’s many other cultural-historical treasures, one should also see the sultan’s luxurious palace Topkapi where he lived in abundance with his court and harem. The many courtyards and halls testify to an infinite wealth. Also go on a journey of discovery along Bosphorusgatan in the large covered bazaar where it is easy to fall for the temptation to buy handicrafts and jewelry. Or the Egyptian bazaar, where colorful stalls with cinnamon, cumin and curry tickle both the sense of sight and the smell.

Turkish cuisine is rightly famous. In the Flower Passage at Istaklal Caddesi, in the modern and vibrant part of the metropolis, there are fights over the tables that are flooded with meze – different types of small dishes – and raki to rinse the goodies with. Also try the rice dolma, meat dolma or the many kebab varieties, not least the classic ice cream kebab. Finish off with Turkish coffee and a good, heavy syrup-dripping baklava.

Aegean Sea

Turkey is so much more than Istanbul. It is very exciting to pick up on the coast of the Aegean Sea, with the Cesme Peninsula and the charming port city of Izmir as well as the seaside resorts of Marmaris, Bodrum and Kusadasi. The latter is for many tourists the starting point for a trip to the culturally interesting ancient village of Ephesus, which was an important center for the worship of goddesses. Here is also the Temple of Artemis, which in the 5th century was the largest structure ever created by Greek architects. Today, only a simple Ionic pillar remains, but the ruined city is nonetheless exciting to wander around in.

The Mediterranean coast

Along the Mediterranean coast there is a wealth of beautiful sandy beaches: Ölüdeniz near the seaside resort of Fethiye and the beautiful Kekova Bay. Here you can, among other things, visit the “sunken city” six meters below sea level – the remains of stairs and houses that succumbed to an earthquake can be admired through the clean water mirror. The old town in the well-known holiday village of Antalaya is also an interesting acquaintance – the city’s history goes all the way back to 158 BC. then it served as the shipping port for Christian pilgrims. From here, it is a long way to Aspendos, which is home to one of the world’s most well-preserved Roman theaters.

Anatolia

A completely different Turkey can be found in Central Anatolia, which in addition to the capital Ankara also houses the fascinating Muslim pilgrimage city of Konya known for the Sufis, the mystic Mevlana and his dancing dervishes as well as the stunning natural scenes and lunar rocky landscapes of Cappadocia. Eastern Anatolia is also adorable and here you get a good insight into the Kurdish Turkey around Diyarbakir, and the Arab part around the cities of Sanliurfa and Harran with their fabulous beehive-shaped houses.

With 70 million inhabitants, Turkey is a powerful country between Europe and the Middle East. The country is often mentioned in the media, but for most, the “real” Turkey is still a well-kept secret.

Facts Turkey

Here you can read exciting facts about Turkey

  • Language: Turkish
  • Capital: Ankara
  • Residents: 80 million
  • Religion: Islam
  • Currency: Turkish Lira (TL)
  • Area783,560 km2

Worth knowing

Time difference

+ 1 hour
Turkey is 1 hour ahead of Sweden.

Transport in Turkey

The buses in Turkey do not always meet the same standard as we are used to in Sweden. Of course, we use the best possible alternatives with air conditioning whenever possible.

Economy

The price level in Turkey is generally lower than in Sweden. The average price for a dinner at a restaurant is about SEK 100. In markets and in smaller shops, it is common to bargain.

Currency and credit cards

The currency in Turkey is the Turkish Lira (TRY).

In many places there are ATMs and also good opportunities to exchange cash – US dollars, euros and Swedish kronor.

You can use credit cards in most major stores, restaurants, cafes and hotels, but it is good to have cash on you if you want to shop in smaller stores.

Tip

In restaurants, in hammams, at the hairdresser’s and at hotel piccolos, it is common to leave 5-10% in tips – even if 10-15% has already been added to the bill in service fees. Taxi drivers at most expect you to round up the total amount. At various sights and attractions, it is common for the ticket seller and others to try to offer different services in exchange for tips. Be clear that you are not interested in their help.

Electricity

Turkey has 220 V AC just like in Sweden, but some sockets are intended for thinner plugs than our plugs. Adapters can be purchased from electricians and street vendors.

Telephone and internet

The country code for Turkey is +90. The mobile network is well developed, but you may consult with your mobile operator about coverage and prices. Most hotels have internet access and in the larger cities there are internet cafes.

Water and hygiene

In hotels and restaurants, the toilets maintain a modern standard, while so-called pedal toilets are common in public toilets and in rural areas. For safety, bring your own toilet paper or a package of wet wipes and possibly a bottle of rubbing alcohol.

You should not drink the water directly from the tap. Instead, buy bottled water.

Smoking

Smoking is prohibited in public places. Some restaurants and cafés have designated smoking areas. Hookah cafes are also common.

Customs and traditions

Turkey is a Muslim country and when you visit a mosque you take off your shoes before entering. It is important to be neatly dressed – no short sleeves or shorts are accepted. Men are not allowed to wear headgear and women are to cover their hair.

Climate and weather Turkey

Read more about Turkey’s climate and weather

JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN CHRISTMAS AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
Istanbul
Daytime temperature 9 9 12 17 22 26 28 28 25 20 15 11
Night temperature 3 3 4 8 12 16 19 19 16 12 9 5
Precipitation (mm) 99 67 62 49 31 21 19 26 41 71 89 122
Izmir
Daytime temperature 12 13 16 21 26 31 33 32 29 24 18 14
Night temperature 6 6 8 11 15 20 22 22 19 14 11 7
Precipitation (mm) 132 99 76 45 24 10 8 4 15 40 87 153
Erzurum
Daytime temperature -5 -7 12 17 22 27 30 30 26 15 7 -1
Night temperature -4 -4 -1 4 9 12 16 15 11 2 -3 -10
Precipitation (mm) 23 28 36 52 73 50 28 18 25 46 35 23

Turkey has a temperate climate to the east and a continental climate to the west. This means, among other things, that the eastern part of the country – as well as the coastal regions – have hot, dry summers and mild winters with some precipitation.

The large area in the western part of Turkey has a continental climate with large variations depending on the season. Temperature differences between summer and winter can be up to 60 degrees.

Travel to Turkey