Tunisia Population, Politics and Economy

Tunisia Population, Politics and Economy

Population in Tunisia

Although the population of Tunisia, a travel destination of over 11 million, has almost doubled since independence from France in 1956, the population growth in Tunisia today is around 1%, the lowest in Africa, with an average age of around 32 years. Almost all Tunisians identify culturally with the Arabs, although their genetic ancestry is more likely to be found in the Berbers and Iberians, only around 2% of the population belong to other ethnic groups. In the 7th century, the first Arabs came to the country with the conquest of the Maghreb states. According to directoryaah, a large number of Tunisians were Islamized and new cities such as Kairouan and Mahdia emerged. From the 11th century, Arab Bedouins, the Banu Hilal, who were expelled from Egypt, settled in today’s travel destination Tunisia and thus finally sealed the linguistic and cultural Arabization of the country. The Berber language and culture has only survived in a few isolated areas in the mountains. The official language is Arabic and although the Arabic language has been brought to the fore by corresponding state regulations, French and English are spoken in many places in addition to the Tunisian Arabic variant Derija, with which one can communicate sufficiently during a trip to Tunisia. The state religion is Islam and the majority of the population are Muslims of the Sunni faith. Christians and Jews are now only a small minority in the Tunisian population.

Around two thirds of Tunisians prefer to live in cities in the coastal regions.

Politics and economy in Tunisia

The government of the Republic of Tunisia consists of the Prime Minister and the ministers and state secretaries appointed by him. The government, together with the President, is the owner of the executive power in a dual leadership. The head of government is proposed by the president and chooses his ministers and state secretaries himself, but the foreign and defense ministers in coordination with the president. The head of government depends on the trust of his individual ministers and the parliament, which is endowed with a strong position, to which he must answer his actions at the same time.

Tunisia Politics

As an emerging country, Tunisia has achieved a leading position in the Maghreb region. Agriculture, which used to be the most important economic sector, is now only about a fifth of Tunisia’s working population engaged in agriculture. Through the merger with the EU, Tunisia wants to rise to the group of industrialized countries. According to ebizdir, the most important natural resources are oil and phosphates, but zinc, lead, iron ore, natural gas and salt are also extracted. Electrical appliances, textiles, leather goods and goods from the mechanical industry are the main export goods. The most important trading partners are France, Italy and Germany. With more than seven million holidaymakers annually, Tunisia is a very popular travel destination, especially for European tourism, and the Tunisian economy cannot do without its turnover.

Cities and regions in Tunisia

The travel destination Tunisia is administered in 24 governorates, most of which are named after their respective capitals and whose area sizes depend on the population density. The governorates, in turn, are divided into a total of 264 delegations, with the lowest administrative level forming the actual municipalities or districts. For a travel recommendation through Tunisia, the following cities should not be missing:


The capital of Tunisia and provincial capital of the governorate of the same name is the largest city in the country with over 1 million residents. Tunis is both the economic and cultural center of Tunisia with all the important institutions and, thanks to the dense road and motorway network and the advanced flight connections, forms a central transport hub in Tunisia as a travel destination.

As one of the oldest cities on the Mediterranean, Tunis already existed before the arrival of the first Phoenicians in the 9th century BC. In ancient times, however, it was always overshadowed by the mighty Carthage, whose archaeological remains are located in the suburb of the same name in Tunis and are part of the world cultural heritage. After the French annexation of Tunisia in 1881, the French made Tunis the seat of their protectorate administration and made numerous urban changes. A new town in European style was built between the old town and the sea and the town port was connected to the newly built port of La Goulette via a shipping canal through the lake of Tunis. Tunis, whose historical core, the M├ędina, is now on the UNESCO World Heritage List, has numerous sights, which should be visited on the occasion of a trip. The cityscape is characterized by the strong contrast between the oriental old town and the new town with its European look. In the center of the old town is the Ez-Zitouna Mosque, which is the most important mosque in Tunisia after the Great Mosque of Kairouan. The market district extends around the mosque, in which each of the market alleys (souks) is traditionally assigned to a specific branch of industry. Also worth seeing is the Victory Square with the former city gate on the border between the old town and the new town. The avenue Habib Bourguiba, which is over 1.5 km long and lined with shops, cafes and hotels, forms the main axis of the new town and invites you to linger and stroll.

About four kilometers west of the city center is the former villa suburb of Le Bardo with the palace district laid out by the Hafsids in the 15th century and expanded by the Turkish Beys, which today houses the Tunisian Parliament and the National Museum.


With over 170,000 residents, the port city of Sousse on the Gulf of Hammamet on the Mediterranean Sea is the third largest city in Tunisia. The capital of the governorate Sousse forms the metropolis of the Tunisian Sahel and was already in the 9th century BC. Founded by the Phoenicians as a trading post. The old town of Sousse, which dates back to this time, is surrounded by a 2.25 kilometer long city wall and has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1988. The harbor, which was laid out in 1899, extends to the eastern edge of the old town with the new town laid out to the north. The promenade lined with tourist hotels on the beach is a popular promenade for travelers and tourists. On a cultural trip to Sousse, the ribat, a fortification of the Islamic border from the year 821 AD, should definitely


The Tunisian port city of Bizerte has been an important maritime and trading center on the Mediterranean for almost two millennia with an outer port and two inner ports. In around 1100 BC The city, founded by the Phoenicians as a trading post, has a population of around 120,000. After Bizerte was an important naval base for Tunisian corsairs until the French annexation, the city is now a center of the Tunisian oil industry after being converted into a military base by the French, but with its beautiful stretches of coast it also turns to tourism and offers trips through Tunisia popular swimming destination. The city administration building is architecturally significant.