Turkey Country Information
Holidays in Turkey are extremely popular among tourists from all over the world. Everyone who has ever been to Turkey knows that rest here is high quality, comfort and, most importantly, affordable prices. The tourist infrastructure of Turkey from Bodrum to Alanya is very modern and designed for various categories of tourists from VIPs to students, including family beach holidays. Every year, new hotels offering a high level of service come into operation on the coast of Turkey. According to iTypeJob, Ankara is the capital city of Turkey.
Turkey is a kind of bridge between East and West. Antiquity and modernity, national flavor and modern style coexist here – all this undoubtedly makes Turkey unusually attractive for recreation. And, of course, holidays in Turkey are high quality, comfort and affordable prices. The Mediterranean coast of Turkey is called by the locals the White Sea, but visitors prefer to call these places the Turquoise Coast – for the beauty of the water and the exceptionally picturesque coast, dotted with bays and bays.
Turkey is many-sided and diverse: endless beaches and cozy coves, in which graceful yachts stand, sunken cities and fragments of ancient civilizations, next to them are wide highways and ultra-modern hotels, perhaps the best in the Mediterranean.
300 sunny days a year, clean, clear and warm sea – a real paradise for families with children. Gourmets here will be imbued with the splendor of oriental cuisine, and the honeymoon spent in Turkey will forever remain in the memory of the newlyweds. Lovers of shopping and shopping will be pleasantly surprised by the variety and prices of Turkish goods.
Capital of Turkey – Ankara
Name – Republic of Turkey
66.5 million Ethnic groups: Turks (85%), Kurds (12%), other Islamic peoples, Armenians, Jews. Urban population: 65%. Labor force (23 million): agriculture – 46%, industry and trade – 16%, services – 38%. Approximately 3.5 million Turks work abroad.
780.6 thousand square meters. km
Turkey is located on a piece of land called Asia Minor or Anatolia, stretching from Asia to Southeast Europe. Asia Minor (Anatolia) is washed from the north by the Black Sea, from the west by the Aegean, from the south by the Mediterranean Sea. Anatolia is separated from Europe by the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles. Mountains from the north and Taurus from the south, like walls surround the Anatolian Upland. To the east are extinct volcanoes, as well as the sources of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Turkey’s coastline is 8500 km long. Most of the country is occupied by the Asia Minor and Armenian highlands, in the north by the Pontic mountains, in the south by the Taurus ranges. Main rivers: Euphrates, Tigris, Kyzyl-Irmak, Sakarya. Large lakes: Van and Tuz (salty).
Climate. Weather in Turkey.
Turkey’s climate varies by region. In the west and south, where the Mediterranean climate prevails, the summer months are hot and dry, and the winters are mild. Therefore, Antalya and the surrounding region, characterized by hot summers, is called the Turkish Riviera. The interior highlands have a continental climate, with hot summers and cold, snowy winters. In the eastern regions of the country, a sharply continental climate prevails; on the Black Sea coast, due to the mountainous terrain, a lot of precipitation falls. The temperature on the south coast allows swimming from April to October. The west coast is characterized by constant warmth. In Istanbul, the climate is mild, the sky is often overcast.
The hot sun shines in the resort area 300 days a year, therefore, even if you are already a little tanned at home, it is recommended to use protective creams with a UVA-UVB factor of at least 15-20, and do not forget about them until the last days of your holiday.
98% of the population of Turkey are Muslims, i.е. profess Islam – a religion created by the prophet Muhammad. Muslims must pray 5 times a day, fast during the holy holiday of Ramadan. The most important religious holidays are Ramadan and Kubran Bairan. Turkey is a secular state, i.e. religion is separated from the state, but, despite this, many areas of life are imbued with Islam.
In big cities, a person with a camera does not attract attention. But in provincial cities and rural areas, some features must be taken into account. Islam forbids the image of a person, so devout Muslims are not willing to allow themselves to be photographed. If you want to photograph women, peasants in the fields, or artisans at work, it’s best to ask permission first.
In addition to Muslims, Greek, Armenian and Syrian Orthodox Christians and Jews live in Turkey. Religious intolerance is not typical
Turkey is Eastern European Time, plus one hour from Central European Time. In October, the clock is set forward one hour, in May it is set back one hour.
The official language is Turkish. English and German are widely spoken, in the resort area – colloquial Russian.
A few words spoken in Turkish often open any door for a foreigner.
The Turkish lira is the currency of Turkey. In circulation there are banknotes in denominations of 500,000, 250,000, 100,000, 50,000, 20,000, 10,000 and 5,000 liras, coins of 20,000, 10,000, 5,000, 1,000, 500 and 100 liras.
You can exchange currency everywhere. Almost all shops and restaurants accept dollars and euros. The exchange of traveler’s checks and currency is carried out by banks, exchange offices, travel agencies, and hotels. The most favorable rate is at the post office (yellow sign with the letters “PTT”).
Features of customs control in Turkey
A tourist can bring into the country:
- personal items;
- one video camera and five video cassettes (blank), five audio cassettes or laser discs;
- one pocket computer, electronic game devices;
- one radio receiver, player, CD player (the device must be certified by the Ministry of Finance and Customs, most common models are certified),
- one binocular;
- necessary medical preparations;
- bicycle, stroller, toys;
- 200 cigarettes and 50 cigars;
- 200 grams of tobacco, or 50 grams of chewing tobacco;
- coffee 1.5 kg, instant coffee 1.5 kg, 500 grams of tea;
- one kilogram of chocolate and one kilogram of sweets;
- five (1l) or seven (700 ml) bottles of wine or spirits;
- five bottles of perfume (120 ml maximum each);
- valuable items with a value of more than $15,000 must be declared everywhere in Turkey;
- sharp tools and weapons cannot be brought into the country without special permission;
- The importation of drugs into the country is strictly prohibited, the punishment is very severe.
A tourist can take out of the country:
- gifts: a new carpet with a certificate of purchase, antique items, they require a certificate from the museum management;
- the export of antiques from Turkey is prohibited;
- valuable personal belongings can be taken out of the country if they were declared upon entry, or if there is a document confirming the legality of their acquisition in Turkey.
It is more convenient and cheaper to call from a telephone exchange. For international calls, the telephone center sells telephone cards for a certain number of minutes. You can also call from the hotel, which is much more expensive.
In Turkey, it is customary to leave a tip. The size of the tip depends on you and the service provided. As a rule, the tip is 10% of the bill. You can leave a tip to the waiter and hotel employees. You can also thank the maid who cleans your room, the bus driver who helped you load your luggage. Remembering the Russian “forgetfulness”, the latter often remind of this.