Vietnam Population, Politics and Economy
Population in Vietnam
According to directoryaah, the population of Vietnam is estimated to be between 86.9 million and 91.5 million. While the Vietnamese population is perceived as consistently young by Western observers, Vietnam is beginning to adjust to the fact that the population has entered a phase of aging.
The majority of the population lives in the densely populated areas of the Red River and Mekong estuary deltas, where agriculture is predominant.
About 88% of the population are ethnic Vietnamese. In addition, 53 ethnic minority groups are recognized. The largest of these are the “overseas Chinese”, whose number is estimated at around 1.2 million. The majority of them are descendants of immigrants from the Ming Dynasty. Other ethnic groups are, for example, the Thai or Khmer.
The culture and language of the minorities are usually very different from that of the Vietnamese.
The official language is Vietnamese and 88% of the population speak it as their mother tongue. The Vietnamese language has been written in its own Latin-based script since 1945. From a Vietnamese point of view, the numerous ethnic minorities are recognized, the languages of the minorities are allowed and allegedly promoted. After the French colonial era, the language lost its status, but is still taught as the first foreign language in some schools. English is slowly displacing French through tourism and foreign trade.
It is difficult to provide precise information on religious affiliation in Vietnam. The vast majority of Vietnamese do not profess any faith. In the Vietnamese understanding of religion, there is no strict separation of different denominations. Religiousness is mostly a historically grown mixture with many aspects of different religious origins. It is not uncommon to regularly visit Buddhist pagodas and worship their ancestors.
The constitution of Vietnam generally provides for freedom of religion / belief. Since religious institutions always represent a certain competition to the state influence on the population, religion and its institutions have been treated with suspicion by the Communist Party of Vietnam, at least in the past.
Politics and Economy in Vietnam
Vietnam is a one-party state in which the Communist Party of Vietnam is the unity party and thus has a monopoly on power.
Vietnam is mainly run by a three-person college consisting of the General Secretary of the CPV, the Prime Minister and the President. All three are party officials and usually make their decisions unanimously. The general secretary is not only the head of the secretariat, but usually also the chairman of the Politburo of the CPV, which currently consists of 14 members.
According to the constitution, the National Assembly, the unicameral parliament of Vietnam, is the highest organ of state power. The 493 MPs are elected for a term of five years. The National Assembly must hold a plenary assembly at least twice a year. The rest of the time, their tasks are carried out by the Standing Committee of the National Assembly. The National Assembly appoints the president, the prime minister and the government (executive) as well as the procurator of the Supreme People’s Court and the Supreme People’s Control Office (judiciary).
According to ebizdir, Vietnam is one of those states that are undergoing a transformation from a central administration economy to a socialist market economy. This process triggered rapid economic growth in Vietnam and made the country an attractive investment location for international companies
Transport network in Vietnam
Vietnam’s roads have a total length of around 210,000 kilometers, but only a small part of them is in good condition and paved. Some villages are cut off from the outside world during the year because of the poor road conditions.
Traffic is officially on the right in Vietnam. One cannot speak of road rules in this country, because everyone drives where there is space, and traffic lights are only found in big cities. Public transport is still rarely used, most locals drive mopeds if they can afford it. The cyclos, which we associate with Vietnam in Europe, are rarely used by the locals, but rather used by tourism. Tourism has also expanded taxi traffic, there are even moped taxis called Xe Om. If you use such a moped taxi on a trip, do not drive without a helmet, as helmets are compulsory in Vietnam.
Cities and regions in Vietnam
The two most important cities in Vietnam are the capital Hanoi and the port city of Ho Chi Minh City, formerly known as Saigon. These two cities are extremely different, Hanoi the elegant, quiet city with French charm and Ho Chi Minh City the fast, tirelessly economic city.