Washington, DC History

Washington, DC History

The Washington District of Columbia (also known as Washington, DC, or simply Washington) is the federal capital of the United States, sandwiched between the two states of Maryland and Virginia.

According to ebizdir, Washington, DC, is home to Congress, the White House, the Supreme Court, the State Department, and many other government buildings, while, for example, the Pentagon is located in the Virginia suburb of Arlington. There are also a myriad of museums in the city, including The Smithsonian Institute, the National Gallery of Art, the National Archives and one of the world’s most comprehensive libraries, the Library of Congress.

TIMELINE:

1600 – Piscataway Indians lived in this area.

1790 – The states of Maryland and Virginia offer to cede an area of ​​10 times 10 miles (about 256 km²) on the Potomac River, which had been the boundary between the northern and southern colonies. This square was named the District of Columbia, as Columbia was a popular name for the United States at this time, and the city was initially called the Federal City, but in 1791 it was named after the first President of the United States, George Washington ; The White House was decided to be built and the site was located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. The first building block was laid in October 1792.

1793 – Construction of the United States Capitol begins on September 18. The place serves as the seat of the United States Congress, the legislative branch of the United States federal government.

1800 – The first president to move into the White House was John Adams, and he is said to have hated it, and he lived there only very sporadically, and only Thomas Jefferson, who had the building expanded a lot, began to use it in earnest. the house as an official residence.

1814 – England conquers the city and burns down large parts of it, including public buildings, including the White House and the Capitol.

1862 – Slavery is abolished in the city.

1871 – The area was still only partially habitable after the Civil War, and only in 1871 did the city become a ‘real’ capital with paved streets, street lighting, parks and sewers. However, the cost of implementing this was so high that the city went bankrupt. In 1878, Congress passed a decree stipulating that Washington’s city ​​limits should follow the boundaries of the District of Columbia, and the city’s suburbs are therefore located in Virginia and Maryland, respectively.

1881 – President James Garfield is assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau on July 2 at Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station. Garfield hovered between life and death for several months while doctors desperately tried to locate a pistol bullet that had drilled into his body. Garfield died Sept. 19 from blood poisoning, presumably caused by the doctors’ unwashed hands and the non-sterile instruments that had been used. Guiteau was found guilty on January 25, 1882. The appeal was dismissed, and he was hanged on June 30, 1882, just two days before the anniversary of the assassination.

1888 – Work on the Washington Monument began in 1848 and was completed in 1884, about 30 years after the death of architect Robert Mills. The monument, which is 169 meters high, was for a number of years the world’s tallest building. The monument was opened to the public on 9 October.

1914 – The Lincoln Memorial, a memorial to President Abraham Lincoln. The building was designed by architect Henry Bacon, while the statue of the sitting president inside the monument was made by Daniel Chester French. The murals inside are made by Jules Guerin.

1934 – US National Archives, United States National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), which holds state documents and historical records were established.

1941 – The foundation stone of the Pentagon building was laid on September 11, and inaugurated on January 15, 1943. It is the world’s largest office building, with about 26,000 employees.

1943 – The Thomas Jefferson Memorial begins in 1939 and ends 4 years later. The bronze statue of Jefferson was added in 1947.

1963 – Martin Luther King gives his famous speech in Have a Dream, in front of the Lincoln Memorial, on August 28, as part of the end of the march to Washington for freedom and jobs. More than 200,000 people heard his speech.

1981 – On March 30, President Ronald Reagan is assassinated. Reagan was about to leave the Washington Hilton Hotel, and while waving and walking toward his limousine, he was shot and hit, but Secret Service agents managed to get him into the car and drove to the hospital. The assassin was John Hinckley. “Honey, I forgot to duck” (“Honey, I forgot to duck”) Reagan later told his wife Nancy. Reagan’s lung was hit by a ricocheting bullet and he had violent internal bleeding. Hinckley came before a court on June 21, 1982, where he was convicted not guilty of insanity at the time of the crime and he has since been placed in a psychiatric hospital. Reagan died on June 5, 2004, and was the second longest living president after Gerald Ford with a life expectancy of 93 years and 120 days.

1982 – A Vietnam Veterans Memorial is erected in Constitution Gardens, in honor of American soldiers who lost their lives during the Vietnam / Southeast Asia wars, and all who were reported missing.

1990 – Mayor Marion Barry is filmed and exposed for smoking crack, leading to his arrest by the FBI. He received his sentence for possession of cocaine, and was to sit inside for 6 months. After his release, he was elected to the city council in 1992 and again became mayor in 1995 to 1999. Despite his small detour on the wrong paths, he remains a popular and influential person in DC. The Washington Post wrote of him “To understand the District of Columbia, one must understand Marion Barry.”

1992 – The House approves DC to be a state, but the Senate voted no.

1993 – The Holocaust Memorial Museum, which documents, studies and interprets Holocaust stories, was inaugurated by Bill Clinton in April at Raoul Wallenbergs Plads, named after the Swedish diplomat who saved some 10,000 Jews in Hungary during World War II. Clinton and the last surviving victim of the Holocaust, Elie Wiesel, lit the eternal flame in the museum’s memorial hall.

1997 – The Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial is inaugurated on May 2 by President Clinton.

2001 – George W. Bush became America’s 43rd president, to January 20, 2009; As part of the 9/11 attacks, a passenger plane, American Airlines Flight 77, struck the west wing of the Pentagon building, which was under renovation at the time, collapsing parts of it and killing 125 people in addition to the 64 on board the plane.

2009 – Barack Hussein Obama II was America’s 44th president on January 20, and is the first African-American president in the country’s history; Two subway trains collided on June 20, between Takoma and Fort Trotten. The train driver and eight passengers were killed. Several people were trapped for several hours, about 80 were injured.

2011 – An earthquake in Virginia on August 23, also affected 12 other states incl. Washington DC – Several buildings were damaged.

Washington, DC History