What to See in Berlin (Germany)
The first mention of Berlin dates back to 1244. Like many medieval cities, it arose on the river. Initially, two communes were formed on the banks of the Spree River. Together they formed Berlin. In the 15th century it became the capital of Kurbranderburg. Berlin became the political, economic and cultural capital of Prussia. At the beginning of the 20th century, it was one of the most important cities in Europe. The defeat of Germany in the Second World War led to the fact that the city was divided into occupational parts, the Berlin Wall passed through it. The wall existed until 1990. Now united Berlin regained its former strength. This large city of more than 3 million inhabitants has once again become one of the leading cities in Europe. Its area is more than 400 square kilometers. There is a large international airport, there is a subway.
During the Second World War, Berlin was badly damaged, many architectural monuments were destroyed. Of the surviving architectural structures, the Brandenburg Gate should be noted. They are the only survivors of the 14 gates of the fortress wall that surrounded the city. The gate was erected in 1791 on the model of the Athenian propylaea.
The Gothic church Marienkirche is one of the oldest in Berlin. Its construction began at the end of the 13th century, and ended only in the 16th.
Among other sights of the city it is worth noting the Cathedral (1883 – 1905), the church in memory of Kaiser Wilhelm I (1891), the newly built Reichstag. The Reichstag is the seat of the parliament of the German Empire. The building was built in 1884 – 1894 according to the plans of Paul Vallo. In 1933, the Reichstag burned down, in 1945 the Soviet troops destroyed the building during the capture of Berlin. After the reunification of Germany in 1990, the first all-German parliament was established here. From 1995 to 1999, a complete reconstruction of the Reichstag was carried out. Now there are meetings of the German Parliament, and access to the dome is open to tourists.
The television tower is also very popular with tourists.
The most crowded place is the Kurfüstendamm Avenue, which is over 100 years old.
According to ITYPEJOB, Berlin is called the great “textbook of history in stone”. There are more than 130 museums here. The largest museum centers are the Island of Museums, the Charlottenburg Palace and its environs, the Museums in Dahlem and the Cultural Center in the Tiergarten. There is even a Mausoleum (it was built in 1810 by Friedrich Wilhelm III). The city has three opera houses, the Old and New National Gallery, eight symphony orchestras, over 150 theaters and stages. More than 300 restaurants and restaurants (gashtets), 1500 bars and countless clubs and discos will help you spend your time at your pleasure.
Sales in Berlin is a true shopping paradise. Winter starts on the last Monday in January, summer – on the last Monday in July. They last exactly two weeks. Berlin ‘s most famous shopping destination is the KaDeWe department store, which is located right next to the Wittenbergplatz metro station. On seven floors, the richest assortment of clothes, shoes, jewelry, cosmetics, sporting goods, electrical goods, toys, computers, video and audio equipment is offered. About 1,800 types of cheese and about 1,500 types of sausages are waiting for you in the grocery section. The only drawback is the high cost, which is explained by the high quality of the goods.
KaDeWe’s main competitor is the French store Galeries Lafayette on Friedrichstrasse. It is widely known for its unusual architecture. Right in the center of the huge department store are two transparent perspex cones. Thanks to them, an abyss seemed to open up under their feet on the upper floors. The store offers high-quality clothes of French fashion designers, bijouterie, high-quality handbags in the latest fashion, and French delicacies and dishes on the lower floor. Galeries Lafayette is also an expensive store.
Those wishing to buy cheaper goods should immediately go to the famous Kurfürstendamm (or Kuddam) – a classic Berlin street of shops and cafes. On the same street there is a cheap but absolutely styleless C&A and Wertheim for people with an average income. Well, you need to take into account that during the sales period in inexpensive stores there are a huge number of people. Shelves are literally emptying before our eyes. In order to have time to buy something, you need to get up early in the morning, drive up to the very opening of the store you have chosen the day before and stand in the queue that has already gathered at the closed doors. This is especially important in C&A stores.