What to See in Dublin (Ireland)
According to ITYPEJOB, Dublin is the capital of Ireland. The city was founded at the beginning of the 9th century on the east coast of the island in the Delta of the River Liffey on the shores of Dublin Bay. Dublin is considered one of the most ancient cities in Western Europe.
There are many historical sights here. In the city center is St. Patrick ‘s Cathedral, which is the largest church in Ireland. It was built in the 13th century on the site where St. Patrick baptized the locals. In the 18th century, the church was restored in the Gothic style, since then services have been held here daily. The Cathedral houses the remains of the famous satirist Jonathan Swift, who was abbot of the monastery in the 18th century.
In Dublin in the 12th century was erected Dublin Castle, which is still one of the main attractions of the city. The castle stands on a small hill to the west of the city. It is surrounded by a strong defensive wall with watchtowers, gates and is surrounded by a moat with water. Until the beginning of the 20th century, the British administration was located here. Today, meetings are held here, during which the castle is closed to the public. The Cultural Center is open in the old chapel of the castle, and performances are held in the courtyards of the castle. You can go down into the dungeons of the castle with numerous passages and see the remains of an ancient Viking fortification. Also in Dublin Castle is the Chester Beatty Library, which contains a collection of ancient papyri, manuscripts, Chinese, Japanese, Indian and other oriental art objects, ancient texts of the Bible and other Christian manuscripts.
Trinity College is interesting in the southern part of the city. Trinity College was founded by Queen Elizabeth I in 1592. The main attraction of the complex is the sacred manuscript of Kells, which is kept in the Library. This book was written in 800 BC. e., making it one of the oldest in the world. The university library is the largest in Ireland. The 120-meter Dublin Spire stands on O’Connell Street. This is an elongated cone, its diameter at the base is 3 m and 15 cm at the top. Be sure to visit Fifteen Acres Square, where duels and fights once took place. Hapenny footbridge across the River Liffey in Dublin. Initially it was made of cast iron and had a gray color, at the beginning of the 21st century the bridge was reconstructed and became white. Temple Bar is located between the Bank of Ireland and St. Patrick’s Cathedral. Most of the city’s restaurants, pubs, clubs and shops are located here. There are many museums in Dublin – the National Museum (founded in 1890) with exhibits that date back to 2000 BC; the National Gallery, which contains more than 2,000 paintings, among which is an interesting collection of Italian art; Museum of Heraldry and Dublin City Museum. Dublin famous for its public parks, the most famous of which is the Phoenix Park, located next to the residence of the Irish President. It is located in the western part of the city and covers an area of 712 hectares. Here, along open grassy meadows, you can walk along 3 footpaths and sit on the shores of small lakes. The park is home to the Dublin Zoo.
In the vicinity of Dublin, in the coastal region, there are sandy beaches, of which Balbriggan is the most popular. To the north of the city, you can also relax on the beaches of Battystown, Laytown and Mornington.
North of Dublin city center is Howth Peninsula. Here, in the quiet harbor of the fishing village of the same name, you can walk along the coastal cliffs and see the beaches of Dublin.
South of Dublin on the coast of Dublin Bay is the city of Dun Leary. It is surrounded by hills, on which hiking tours are organized. Of interest here are Town Hall (1880); the obelisk Royal St. George, which was erected in 1845 in honor of King George IV; Church of St. Michael, in the building of which the State Maritime Museum is now located. In the collection of this museum there is an old longboat, which in 1796 participated in the invasion of Ireland as part of the French squadron.. Wicklow National Park is located in the east of the country in County Wicklow south of Dublin. It was founded in 1991. Its area is about 16,000 hectares. Mountains stretch on the territory of the park, there are lakes, as well as archaeological sites with the remains of ancient monastic settlements, Glindalof can be distinguished among such places. The local settlements were founded in the 6th century by Saint Kevin. Today, they left a round tower and the ruins of stone monasteries. Kilkea Castle is an hour’s drive from Dublin. It was built in the 12th century. Now the castle houses a fashionable hotel and the well-known throughout the country restaurant “Laysiz” is open. 40 km north of Dublin is the most popular archaeological site in Ireland – the graves of Bru na Boine. This is a complex of 40 burial mounds in the Boyne Valley. The total area of the territory is 10 sq. m. km. The largest burial mounds of Brou na Boine are Newgrange, Knowth and Douth. They are corridor tombs, that is, a network of corridors leads to the burial hall inside the barrows. The local burials were built in the 3rd millennium BC. The height of the mounds reaches 14 m, and the diameter is 90 m. The Newgrange burial is the largest in Brou-na-Boine, it is notable for the fact that the rays of the rising sun fall deep into the tomb for several minutes only once a year, at dawn on the morning of the winter solstice 21 December, illuminating the tunnel leading to the burial chamber. The underground passages of the Naut mound are decorated with stone blocks on which ancient patterns are carved, and in the central hall there are frescoes in the form of a “lunar map”.