What to See in Kiev (Ukraine)
According to ITYPEJOB, Kiev is one of the largest cities in Europe, the administrative, economic, scientific, cultural and educational center of Ukraine. More than 2.5 million people live here. Modern Kiev is dynamically developing, being restored and restored, therefore it attracts an increasing number of tourists.
According to legend, Kiev was founded by Kiev in the 6th – 7th centuries. AD The rise of the city was facilitated by its geographical position: the most important trade routes “from the Varangians to the Greeks”, to Tsargrad (Constantinople), to Asia, to the Don, to Novgorod passed here. Over the centuries-old history, Kiev has repeatedly passed into the hands of various states and peoples, until in 1934 it became the capital of the Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic. Kyiv
has a large cultural reserve – there are more than 30 museums, about 2000 unique architectural monuments, 33 theaters, a huge number of permanent art exhibitions. The main attractions of the city, which have become its “visiting card”, are the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, St. Sophia Cathedral, the Golden Gate, St. Andrew’s Church, Khreshchatyk and Independence Square.
Kiev-Pechersk Lavra – the oldest monastery in Russia – was founded in 1051 under Yaroslav the Wise. Initially, the monastery was a cave monastery, after the caves became the burial place of the deceased brethren. In the XI-XII centuries. The monastery was one of the cultural centers of Ancient Russia. Ancient Russian chroniclers, including Nestor, lived and worked in the Lavra. At the beginning of the XVII century. at the Lavra was created the first in Kiev printing house. Each era has left its mark here in the architectural appearance of the monastery. Today it consists of three groups of different sizes: the Upper Lavra is located on a relatively flat plateau, structures on the territory of the Near Caves are located on the slope of the mountain, and further, on a hill, there is a group of buildings on the territory of the Far Caves.
Saint Sophia Cathedral – this is an outstanding monument of ancient Russian architecture, which is the main temple of the Kyiv metropolitans. It was founded in 1037 and has been rebuilt several times during its existence. The cathedral acquired its current appearance in the forms of Ukrainian baroque after perestroika at the end of the 17th century. The interior decoration has remained almost unchanged. The greatest value of the cathedral is the 11th-century frescoes depicting saints, portraits of the princely family, princely hunting scenes, and dancing buffoons.
Sophia Cathedral is part of the reserve, which is the only reserve in the territory of the former Soviet Union awarded the UNESCO gold medal. The National Reserve “Sofia Kyiv” together with the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
St. Vladimir’s Cathedral It is a six-pillar church with three apses, traditional for Russian architecture, crowned with seven domes. The building is 55 meters long, 30 meters wide and 49 meters high, including the cross. The facade of the building is decorated with mosaics by the artist A. N. Frolov. On the massive bronze doors of the main portal, you can see cast bronze reliefs with images of Princess Olga and Prince Vladimir Saint. The cathedral was founded in 1862, but its construction, complicated by technical difficulties, dragged on for almost thirty years – from 1862 to 1896. The construction of the building was supervised by Academician V. N. Nikolaev with the participation of architect K. Ya. Mayevsky and engineer D. Birkin. In the course of the protracted construction, some changes were made to its project by the architect R. B. Bernhardt. The solemn consecration of the cathedral took place on August 20, 1896 in the presence of Emperor Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna.
The Golden Gate is another monument from the times of Yaroslav the Wise. They were erected in 1017-24. and were part of the fortress wall. Despite their military purpose, they have a high artistic value. Above the gate is a small church.
Andrew’s Church was founded in 1744 in connection with the arrival of Elizabeth I in Kiev. This church is a pearl of the Baroque. The project of the church was made by V.V. Rastrelli. The one-domed five-domed temple has the shape of a cross, in the corners of which there are decorative towers on massive pillars. The interior of the temple is close in style to Rococo.
Khreshchatyk is the central highway and business center of the capital. The construction of Khreshchatyk began at the end of the 18th century, and its formation as a street began in the 1930s and 1940s. 19th century At the end of the XIX century. on the street, mostly three-story houses with shops, premises for offices and banks, etc. are being built. At the beginning of the twentieth century. there were already water supply, sewerage, gas, electricity and a tram (the first in tsarist Russia). After the Second World War, Khreshchatyk was significantly damaged. In the course of restoration, it was turned into a wide highway, the width of which in some places reaches 100 m. On Khreshchatyk there is the building of the Kiev City Council, the Central Department Store, the Khreschatyk and Maidan Nezalezhnosti metro stations, a number of administrative institutions, shops, hotels, cafes .
Independence Square is the central square of Kiev. Until the 18th century in its place was a swamp. The first wooden buildings appeared in the 30s of the XVIII century. Until 1871, there was a market on the square, which was then called Khreshchatitskaya, and circus performances and festivities took place. In the 50s. nineteenth century the house of the Noble Assembly was built on the square. In the house of Gudovsky, which until 1979 stood between the streets of M. Zhitomirskaya and Mikhailovskaya, T. G. Shevchenko lived in 1859.
Kiev is one of the greenest cities in the world. It has more than 60 parks, lindens and chestnuts bloom on its streets. In the parks of Kiev, you can have a great time enjoying nature. The main parks of the city are the Botanical Garden, Hydropark, Glory Park, Trukhanov Ostrov, Vladimirskaya Gorka with stunning views of the left bank of the Dnieper. Back in Kiev there is a zoo with 2000 animals from all over the world.
Not far from Kiev there is a museum of folk architecture and life “Pirogovo”. It is located in the open air and covers an area of about 150 hectares. Here you can see houses, churches, mills, wells, various peasant utensils, all this gives an idea of the life of the Ukrainian people in the 16th – 19th centuries. Most of the buildings were transported from various parts of Ukraine.