What to See in Luxembourg City
According to ITYPEJOB, Luxembourg is the capital of the country. For the first time in history, the city is mentioned in 963 as a fortification that stood on the Alzet River. From the ancient German Luxembourg is translated as “small castle”.
The city is divided into Old Town and New Town. There are many historical sights in the Old Town, which is why it was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Here, along the cobbled streets, there are medieval houses. In the very center of the Old Town is Constitution Square, from which you can go to the rock chapel Saint-Kyrin, the Gothic Saint-Michel Cathedral, the Church of St. John on the Stone, the Bastion of the Holy Spirit, the Grand Ducal Palace and the Cathedral of Our Lady. Cathedral of Our Lady was built in the early 17th century by the Jesuits. Inside the Cathedral, the most interesting is the image of the patroness of the city of Our Lady in the form of an icon called “Comforter of the Sorrowful”, various sculptures and the tomb of the Grand Dukes. Not far from here stands the Refugium of the Trier Abbey of Saint Maximin, where the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is now located.
Another area of the city is interesting – Gamilius Square. There is a market here every Wednesday and Saturday. There is a monument to William II and the neo-classical Town Hall, the entrance to which is decorated with two bronze lions. Two pedestrian streets depart from Gamilius Square – Post Street and Monterey Avenue. On them you can get to the Parade Square (Arm Square). It is surrounded by numerous street cafes and restaurants and is a venue for cultural events. In the summer, sitting at a restaurant table, tourists watch a variety of performances.
Be sure to go to the Royal Palace, where the Parliament now sits. Its building was built in 1572. Particularly beautiful is the facade of the Palace, which is decorated with Moorish-Spanish arabesques.
In Luxembourg, separate parts of the city are connected by numerous viaducts (bridges), there are more than 100 in total. One of the largest viaducts in the city is Adolphe Bridge, which is 17 m wide. It was built at the beginning of the 20th century in the southern part of Luxembourg. Now a 4-lane road has been laid here, which connects the Royal Boulevard and Independence Avenue. Adolphe Bridge is a kind of hallmark of Luxembourg – it is depicted on postcards, stamps and is indicated in any city guide.
In the suburbs of Luxembourg in the valley of the river Alzette rises Le Boc rock, this is exactly the rock on which the ancient fortification of the city once stood, which was destroyed in 1867. Now the remains of an ancient fortress with the ruins of bastions have been preserved here. Beneath them, a network of tunnels was dug in the 18th century, which are called Casemates Le Bock. They served as shelter and defense during wars. Luxembourg has a variety of museums – Museum of History, Museum of Natural History, Museum of Folk Life, Museum of Weapons and Fortifications, Museum of Ancient Musical Instruments, Museum of City Transport, Museum of Posts and Telecommunications, Municipal Art Gallery.
From Luxembourg, you can go to Mondorf-les-Bains park, where a spa center was opened. There is a mineral spring with a water temperature of +25 degrees. The center offers various treatments – massages, baths and saunas.
The city of Schengen is located in the south of Luxembourg. He gained worldwide fame after the signing of the Schengen Agreement in 1985. There is a castle here, which was built in the Renaissance style. Now the castle houses a hotel, and the building itself is surrounded by a picturesque park.
Schengen is also one of the centers of winemaking in Luxembourg. The Moselle River flows in the vicinity of the city, where in spring and summer there is sunny warm weather, which is ideal for growing grapes.
From Schengen the “wine” road begins, which ends in the city of Wasserbillig. Along the route, there are numerous villages with wine cellars where tastings of wines such as Beaufort, Auxerrois, Elbling, Rivaner, Wormeldang, Krechen, Chemich, Ahn, Ennem, Maetum and Riesling are offered.
The city of Echternach is located in the lower reaches of the Ur River in the so-called “Little Switzerland” in the east of Luxembourg (30 km northeast of the capital). This is one of the most ancient cities in Luxembourg.
Echternach was formed around the Abbey, which was built in the 7th century by the monk Willibror. Later, after he was canonized, the church was named after him. In ancient times, this basilica was the main center of Christianization; decorative copies of the Bible inlaid with precious stones were produced here. There is another church in Echternach – the Church of Saints Peter and Paul. There is a recreation center in the city, where there is an artificial lake with an area of 60 hectares.
From Echternach tourists are invited to travel along the “Little Switzerland” – the edge of rocky formations and forested valleys of small rivers.