What to See in Rome, Italy
The most famous sights: the Roman and Imperial Forum, the baths of Caracalla (217 AD); Palatine Hill, Forum of Trajan, Capitoline Hill, Colosseum, Arch of Constantine, Piazza Venezia, Castel Sant’Angelo and St. Peter’s Basilica, the world-famous Pantheon – an ancient temple, built in 27 BC; the Colosseum, built in 80 AD; the catacombs where the first Christians took refuge from persecution; the fort of Castel Sant’Angelo, originally built as the mausoleum of Emperor Hadrian and rebuilt as a fortification in the Middle Ages; basilica of st. John Lateran (4th century, rebuilt in the 17th – 18th centuries); basilica of st. Paul (4th century); basilica of st. Petrav-chains (5th century), inside which is a marble sculpture of Moses by Michelangelo; Piazza Navona with three fountains: one by Gianlorenzo Bernini, tourists usually throw coins into the Baroque Trevi Fountain; Fountain “Naiads” on the Republic Square and the fountain “Triton” on the Piazza Barberini; Church of Trinita dei Monti (XV century).
According to ITYPEJOB, the most important Vatican Museums: Petra and the Vatican Museums are located on the territory of the Vatican. St. Peter ‘s Cathedral – the largest and most important Christian temple, built on the burial site of St. Peter. The cathedral keeps many masterpieces: Pieta – one of the first works of Michelangelo, a canopy installed over the papal throne by Bernini, a bronze statue of St. Peter, the tomb of the popes. The Vatican Museums occupy part of the palaces. In total, there are over a dozen museums and galleries in the Vatican: the Pinacateca art gallery, a collection of Greek and Roman sculpture, the Etruscan Museum, galleries of Candelabra, Tapestries and Maps, Raphael’s Stations, the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo. Galleria Borghese Villa Borghese, one of the largest and most beautiful parks in Rome, on the territory of which the Borghese Gallery is located. In the halls of the 17th century palace, there are collections of sculpture and painting from the collection of Cardinal Sapion-Borghese: magnificent marble sculptures by Bernini, the famous “Paulina Bonaparte as Venus” by Canova, paintings by famous masters Raphael, Pinturicchio, Fra Bartolomeo, Cranach, Durer, Caravaggio, Correggio, G. Bellini, Veronese, Titian, Rubens.
Capitoline Museums: Located on Capitoline Hill. In the Palace of the Conservatives there is a collection of ancient art: sculpture and an art gallery, which presents antique murals and paintings by Renaissance masters. In the New Palace there is an equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, “The Dying Gaul”, a gallery of busts of Roman emperors, a mosaic from Hadrian’s Villa in Tivoli.
On the picturesque hills not far from the capital lies a whole recreation area for the Roman nobility and emperors. In Castelgandolfo, right on the site of the legendary city of Alba Longa – the birthplace of Remus and Romulus, is the villa of the Pope. Nearby lie the unique crater lakes Alba and Nemi.
In Tivoli (30 km from Rome) the grandiose ruins of Hadrian’s Villa (118 AD), called the “Villa of Five Hundred Fountains”, attract attention. Villa d “Este (1550) is a grandiose object of garden and park art. Also attractive is the nearby Villa Gregoriana with a magnificent waterfall (about 160 m high), grottoes and a park.
Lido di Ostia (28 km from Rome) – a former busy seaport of the Roman Empire with an amphitheater, temples, paved bridges and luxurious baths, not far from which a later city arose with a modern recreation area – sandy beaches, small hotels, a beautiful promenade and many bars and restaurants.
Milan is one of the oldest cities in the country. The mixture of Austrian, French and Italian cultures contributed to the emergence of completely unique works of art and architecture here. Heart of Milan – a huge Piazza Duomo with an equestrian statue of King Vittorio Emanuel II, the Northern Palace with the Arc de Triomphe and the openwork Gothic Milan Cathedral (1386-1813). On the highest spire of the cathedral rises the famous statue of the Madonna made of gilded bronze, more than 4 m high. To the right of the cathedral is the building of the Royal Palace, which until 1138 served as the city hall, and then the Visconti ducal palace. The palace was badly damaged by bombing in 1943, but restored, and now houses the State Museum of Modern Art and the Museum of the Duomo Cathedral.
Not far from the cathedral, opposite the Vittorio Emanuele gallery in the form of a cross, is the famous La Scala opera house. Glory to Milan also make up the church of Sant’Ambrogio (IX-XV centuries), the church of St. Mauricio of the Maggiore monastery, one of the most luxurious castles in Italy – Castello Sforzesco (XVI century), the monastery of Santa Maria delle Grazie (XV century, in the refectory – painting “The Last Supper” by Leonardo da Vinci), the church of San Lorenzo Maggiore with the chapel of San Aculino, the early Christian church of St. Lorenzo with mosaics of the 4th century, the Romanesque church of Santa Eustorgio with the pearl of the Renaissance – the Portnari chapel, etc. By law, Milan is also proud of the unique works of art that are kept in its museums, such as the Brera Gallery (“Pinacotheca di Brera”), which is famous for its paintings, the Castello Museum – a collection of ancient sculpture, frescoes and majolica, the Ambrosiana Art Gallery (“Ambrosiana Pinacoteca”) – a wide range of paintings. The National Museum of Science and Technology houses the scientific projects of Leonardo da Vinci and interesting contemporary collections on the history of railways, aeronautics and navigation. The Archaeological Museum has a chic collection of Etruscan, Greek and Romanesque art. Museum Poldi Pezzoli – antique ceramics, one of the best collections of weapons and armor in the world. Gallery of Modern Art (“d” Arte Moderna “) – an excellent exhibition of works by contemporary artists. In the vicinity of Milan there is an amusement park “Minitalia”, many beautiful lakes and a modern track for racing Formula 1 in Monza.