What to See in Vilnius (Lithuania)
Vilnius is the capital and largest city of Lithuania. It was founded in 1323 in the southeast of the country at the confluence of the Neris and Vilnia rivers.
According to ITYPEJOB, Vilnius is famous for its historical center, the Old Town, which is one of the largest in Eastern Europe (360 ha). The old town, with many historical buildings, was included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List in 1994. The center of the Old Town is the Cathedral Square with the City Hall. The main street of the city, Velikaya, departs from the square; it leads to the chapel of Aushros Vartai, where the famous icon of the Virgin Mary is located. In Vilnius on Castle Hill, the remains of one of the oldest castles in the country – Gediminas’ Tower – have been preserved. The first version of the castle was built in the 13th century. Now inside the tower there is an exposition dedicated to the history of the city, and on the roof there is an observation platform, from where a magnificent panorama of the Old Town and the Neris river valley opens.
At the foot of the Castle Hill is Gediminas Square with a statue of the founder of the city – Grand Duke Gediminas. The Cathedral, which was built in the 13th century in the antique style, is very beautiful. Here are the graves of Lithuanian princes and boyars, as well as the remains of the foundation of an ancient church. Nearby is the church of St. Anne in the Gothic style. During its construction, 33 types of bricks were used, so the church is decorated with all sorts of patterns.
The Hill of the Three Crosses is adjacent to the Castle Hill. Three white concrete crosses were erected in memory of the monks who were martyred in the struggle for the Christian faith, in the struggle against the Crusaders.
It is interesting to look at the University Ensemble, which was founded in 1579, and at the highest tower of the Old Town (68 m) included in this complex – the Church of St. John.
It should be noted that the number of churches and temples is truly amazing – the Gothic church of Mikaloyanus, the church and monastery of the Bernardines, the church of St. Anna, the church of Mikolo, the church of the Holy Spirit, the church of St. Peter and Paul, Prechistensky Cathedral, Pyatnitskaya Church, Church of St. Jurgis, Church of St. Bartholomew, Ensemble of the Church of St. Ignotas, Church of Sts. Yokub and Philip, Baroque Church of St. Casimir, Church of St. Cross, the only functioning synagogue today and the Karaite chapel of Kenes in the Moorish style.
In Vilnius there are over 50 museums: the Lithuanian Art Museum, which includes the Vilnius Art Gallery and the Museum of Applied Arts; Lithuanian National Museum; House Museum of Kazys Varnelis (artist and collector); State Jewish Museum of the Vilna Gaon; Museum of Theatre, Music and Cinema; Museum of Architecture; Museums of Vilnius University; Literary Museum of A. Pushkin in the former estate of the son of the poet G. A. Pushkin.
Druskininkai is located in the south of Lithuania, 130 km from Vilnius. There is not a single industrial facility in its vicinity; coniferous forests, lakes and rivers stretch for 30 kilometers around. Druskininkai is famous with its sodium-calcium waters, medicinal peat and sapropyl. Cardiovascular, gastroenterological, neurological, pulmonological, gynecological diseases, metabolic disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal system are treated here. Treatment is carried out with the help of drinking mineral waters, mineral, pearl, carbonic, iodine-bromine, turpentine baths with medicinal herbs, shower-massage, whirlpool baths, application of therapeutic peat mud, galvanic mud, therapeutic exercises, apparatus physiotherapy, halotherapy, inhalations, oxygen cocktails, massages and psychotherapy. One of the miracles of the resort can be called the source of beauty “Grozhis”, one liter of its water contains more than 50 grams of various mineral salts.
Nearby is the Dzūkija National Park. – the largest of the Lithuanian national parks. Its area is 55,000 hectares. Here you can pick up mushrooms and berries, walk along hiking trails and go on a boat trip.
Kaunas is the second largest city in Lithuania. This is the cultural center of the country, artists, poets, composers lived and worked here, whose works are now presented in numerous city museums – in the Art Gallery of M. Žilinskas, the Museum of Lithuanian Literature named after Maironis, the Museum named after M.K. Čiurlionis – Also of interest are the Museum of Ceramics, the Museum of Folk Music, the Museum of Medicine and Pharmacy and the War Museum of Vytautas the Great.
Of the historical monuments in the architecture of Kaunas, Kaunas Castle stands out; the ancient City Hall, which stands in the center of the square, surrounded by houses of the 15th century; Church of the Holy Trinity and the complex of the Masalkis mansion, made in the style of the Northern European Renaissance and a baroque monument – the Pažaislis Monastery.
Like all big cities Lithuania, there are many churches here – the Romanesque Cathedral of Peter and Paul, the Church of Vytautas, the Church of the Resurrection of the Lord, the Orthodox Cathedral of the Annunciation, the Church of St. Francis and the Jesuit Monastery, the Cathedral of St. Michael the Archangel, the churches of the Holy Trinity, St. Nicholas (XIV century), the body of the Lord and a Dominican monastery.
In Kaunas there is the world’s only “Museum of Devils”, which displays over 3000 of their images.