Working and Living in Myanmar
Immigration and permanent residence
The first step is to enter Myanmar with a visa (not a tourist visa) and then to extend it. You do that at the Department of Immigration and National Registration. After paying a correspondingly high fee, the applicant can stay in Myanmar for up to 3 months (US $ 36) or up to a year (US $ 90).
If a foreigner wishes to stay in Myanmar for more than 90 consecutive days, a Foreigner Registration Certificate (FRC) must be applied for.
An unauthorized overstay will result in a fine (this must be paid before departure, either to the relevant authorities or at one of the international airports of Myanmar at the immigration desk)
If you exceed the length of stay from one to 90 days, a fee of US $ 3 per day is due. If this is exceeded by more than 90 days, the fee increases to US $ 5 per day.
Business visas, social visas, religious visas, educational visas, and official visas can be issued for multiple entries. Some visas, such as the multi-entry business visa, allow foreigners to stay in Myanmar for the entire duration of the visa (up to twelve months).
Even if the visa allows for longer stays, a Foreigner Registration Certificate (FRC) must be applied for if one intends to stay in Myanmar for more than 90 consecutive days.
Cost of living
According to countryvv, you can live quite cheaply in Myanmar. To do this, however, you have to go shopping in the local markets or eat in the local street restaurants, where you pay 1 to 2 euros per person for a meal.
You need around € 2,289.61 in Yangon to maintain the standard of living that you could have in Berlin with € 3,700.00 (assuming you rent in the cities).
- Consumer prices in Yangon are 44.05% lower than in Berlin (excluding rent)
- Consumer prices in Yangon are 38.12% lower than in Berlin (including rent)
- Rent prices in Yangon are 24.58% lower than in Berlin
- Restaurant prices in Yangon are 59.85% lower than in Berlin
- Food prices in Yangon are 27.83% lower than in Berlin
- The local purchasing power in Yangon is 87.87% lower than in Berlin
Average cost of living in Yangon (from 09/2019 – 08/2020)
|Restaurant||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|Food, price w. restaurant||2.99||0.85-5.12|
|Middle class, 3 courses for 2 people.||21.34||17.07-34.15|
|Local beer, 0.5 l||0.85||0.68 – 1.71|
|Imported beer, 0.33 l||1.71||1.02-2.56|
|Coca / Pepsi (0.33 l)||0.53||0.28 – 1.28|
|Water (0.33 l)||0.28||0.17-0.85|
|Food||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|Milk (1 L)||1.11||0.85-1.30|
|White bread (500g)||0.73||0.43-2.13|
|Rice (white), (1kg)||1.20||0.85 – 2.56|
|Local cheese (1kg)||–||–|
|Chicken breast fillet (1kg)||4.48||3.84-5.12|
|Beef (1kg) or other red meat||6.85||5.17-8.54|
|Bananas (1kg)||0.95||0.47 – 1.71|
|Potatoes (1kg)||0.71||0.20 – 1.28|
|Lettuce (1 head)||0.78||0.26 – 1.71|
|Water (1.5 l)||0.48||0.26-0.60|
|Bottle of wine (middle class)||12.80||6.83-17.07|
|Local beer (0.5 l)||1.04||0.65 – 1.71|
|Imported beer (0.33 l)||1.65||0.81 – 2.56|
Average costs for local transport, utilities, clothing, leisure, education of Yangon (from 09/2019 – 08/2020)
|Mode of Transport||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|Taxi base amount||0.85||0.60-1.71|
|Taxi 1 km||0.73||0.43-1.07|
|Ancillary housing costs||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|for 85 sqm apartment (electricity, water, garbage, etc.||21.72||12.24-29.88|
|1 minute prepaid mobile tariff||0.02||0.01-0.02|
|Internet (60 Mbps or more, unlimited data, cable / ADSL)||63.61||35.85-85.36|
|Clothes, shoes||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)||48.02||21.34-64.02|
|Summer dress (Zara, H&M,…||54.42||16.51-81.10|
|Nike sports shoes, middle class||89.20||64.02-136.58|
|Leather business shoes||95.39||38.41-128.05|
|leisure time||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|Fitness center, month / adult||40.65||20.49-64.02|
|Tennis, 1 hour on weekends||7.23||4.27-12.80|
|a movie ticket||3.84||2.56-4.27|
|training||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|Preschool / Kindergarten, private, whole day, monthly per child||363.65||153.66-853.64|
|International primary school per year and child||8,263.26||1,707.29 – 21,341.08|
Average rental prices / purchase and salaries of Yangon (from 09/2019 – 08/2020)
|Monthly rental price||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|Apartment (1 bedroom) in the city center||902.42||682.91 – 1,280.46|
|Apartment (1 bedroom) outside the center||442.83||213.41-853.64|
|Apartment (3 bedrooms) in the city center||2,024.35||1,280.46-2560.93|
|Apartment (3 bedrooms) outside the center||1,207.30||939.01-1,536.56|
|Purchase price of apartments||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|Price per square meter for an apartment in the city – purchase||945.07||170.73 – 1,837.04|
|Price per square meter – apartment outside the center – purchase||233.52||67.85-459.43|
|wages||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|Average monthly salary (after taxes)||190.00||–|
Emigration and Living in Myanmar
The pristine nature, the friendly population and the relatively inexpensive life are just a few of the advantages that speak for living in Myanmar. With the different types of visas, except tourist visas, you can stay in Myanmar for a longer period by extending them or applying for a residence permit. The prerequisite is that you can submit the relevant documents, e.g. from an employer, course provider or an educational institution. It is important that you speak one of the common languages, either Burmese or English. Some advantages of the country: good satisfaction of the immigrants, no nuclear power, lots of forest, low cost of living (LHK-I 68.4).
State of emergency, protest actions
Politicians and members of civil society have been arrested by the military across the country since February 2021. The military has taken power and ordered a state of emergency. Public life including banking, transportation and medical care are severely affected; Internet and occasionally telephone connections disrupted.
Security forces and roadblocks are the order of the day. There are regular bomb attacks and violent clashes across the country, including the use of firearms. Targets are military and government institutions, but also public institutions such as restaurants, shopping centers or banks. A further worsening of the security situation cannot be ruled out.
The military has declared martial law in parts of Yangon and Mandalay. There are night curfews in Yangon cities and regions (8:00 pm and 10:00 pm to 4:00 am) and groups of more than five people are not allowed to gather.
The international airport in Yangon (Yangon) is open for humanitarian flights as well as cargo flights. According to the information available, it is basically still possible to travel with various airlines to Kuala Lumpur and Singapore, and occasionally to Bangkok or Seoul with onward flights to Europe. These flights can be booked commercially. The airlines must submit the passenger lists to the Myanmar authorities for approval at least 10 days before the flight. Delays in booking and short-term flight cancellations or postponements must be expected.
- German nationals are requested to take advantage of the possibilities for an early commercial departure with flights, as long as these are still available and bookable.
- Find a safe place and stay at home if you are still there.
- Avoid districts where martial law has been declared, demonstrations and other crowds of people.
- Do not touch suspicious objects and move away from the scene immediately in the event of a bomb attack or violent conflict.
- Find out about the local and international media.
- Adhere to curfews and no-gatherings.