World Heritage Sites in Sudan
Sudan, officially Arabic El-Djumhurijja as-Sudan [-d ʒ ʊ m-], German Republic of Sudan, state in Northeast Africa with (2018) 41.8 million residents; The capital is Khartoum.
According to Naturegnosis, Port Sudan, Arabic Bur Sudan, is the most important port city of the Republic of Sudan, on the Red Sea, (2008) 395,000 residents.
Petroleum refinery, cotton ginning, sea salt and vegetable oil extraction; Fishing. The country’s foreign trade goes through the port (rail connection inland); Airport.
Port Sudan was established as a port in 1906.
Omdurman, Arabic Umm Durman, north-western neighboring city of Khartoum, Republic of Sudan, extends over 8 km on the left bank of the Nile (bridges to Khartoum and Khartoum-North), with (2008) 1.85 million residents:
Largest city in the country, forms with Khartoum and Khartoum-North an urban agglomeration of 4.27 million residents; Islamic University (since 1965, founded as a college in 1912), women’s university, historical museum; Seat of the Sudanese radio and television. Omdurman is the center of the wholesale trade (textiles and cotton, cattle and hides) with a significant camel market and a diverse industry.
The tomb of the Mahdi is the symbol of the city.
World Heritage Sites in Sudan
Sites of the Well Cultural Heritage (K) and World Natural Heritage (N)
- Sacred Mount Jabal Barkal and archaeological sites of the Napata region in Nubia (K; 2003)
- Archaeological sites of the island of Meroe (K; 2011)
- Marine National Parks Sanganeb Atoll and Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island in the Red Sea (N; 2016)
Jebel Barkal (World Heritage)
The archaeological remains near the fourth cataract of the Nile are cultural evidence of the Kingdom of Kush, which flourished from 900 BC. Lasted until 350 AD. The sphere of influence of the Cushites, ie Nubians, once extended from the Mediterranean to the sources of the Nile. The world heritage includes several sites with tombs, pyramids, temples and residential complexes.
Jebel Barkal: Facts
|Official title:||Holy mountain Djebel Barkal and archeological sites of the Napata region|
|Cultural monument:||Ruins in Upper Nubia near the 4th Nile Cataract, in northern Sudan, since Thutmose III. (14791425 BC) important place in the southernmost district of the Egyptian Empire (border at Hagar el-Merwa, a quartz rock near Kurgus near the 5th cataract), since the first half of the 8th century BC. BC residence of Nubian kings; cultural evidence of the Kingdom of Kush (world-historical significance between 900 BC and 350 AD, extension to the sources of the Nile); over a length of more than 60 km along the Nile, including graves, 30 m high pyramids, temples, residential complexes, palaces; Djebel Barkal hill site of religious celebrations and rituals, nine temples at the foot of the mountain towards the Nile; El-Kurru cemetery with royal graves|
|Location:||El-Kurru in Upper Nubia, 15 km north of the center of Napata|
|Meaning:||Outstanding evidence of a once important culture|
Marine National Parks in Sudan (World Heritage)
The Red Sea, a tributary of the Indian Ocean, is the northernmost reef area on earth – and is now a popular destination for international diving tourism. Unfortunately, this development has a downside: some coral reefs off the Egyptian coast are now showing great damage. Far away from tourist infrastructure, the underwater gardens off the coast of Sudan, one of the poorest countries in the world, are still largely untouched. The marine ecosystems of Sanganeb Atoll and Dungonab Bay with the island of Mukawwar are among the marine ecosystems that are particularly worthy of protection.
Marine National Parks in Sudan: Facts
|Official title:||Sanganeb Atoll Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay – Mukawwar Island|
|Natural monument:||two separate marine protected areas with coral reefs, small islands (including the uninhabited island of Mukawwar with 20 km²), beach hooks, seagrass meadows and mangrove forests; Total area of 7653 km², nationally protected since 1990|
|Location:||Red Sea; around 125 km north and 25 km northeast of Port Sudan|
|Meaning:||exceptional example of the world’s northernmost coral reef ecosystems|
Shared natural heritage
About 125 kilometers north of Port Sudan is the bay of Dungonab and the uninhabited island of Mukawwar. The protected area with its coral reefs, mangroves, mud flats and seagrass meadows is a breeding area and habitat for white-eyed gulls, black-eyed terns, ospreys, sea turtles and manta rays, among others. In addition, one finds a larger population of dugongs, the only representatives of the fork-tailed manatees still alive today. The Sanganeb Atoll is located around 25 kilometers northeast of Port Sudan. The reef can be recognized from a great distance by its 50 meter high lighthouse. The really fascinating thing, however, is the diverse underwater world. Bright anemone, butterfly and parrot fish cavort in the colorful coral gardens.