Yaoundé, Cameroon

Yaoundé, Cameroon

According to abbreviationfinder, Yaoundé is known by some as “the city of the seven hills” because of the reliefs that surround it, it is the political capital of Cameroon, as well as the capital of the Central Province and the department of Mfoundi.

This town where the main economic and cultural centers of the nation are concentrated is, after Douala, the most populated city in the Cameroonian territory. There, in addition to large hotels built to ensure the comfort of tourists, there are several universities and various factories that increase the educational and commercial importance of Yaoundé. Cigarettes, dairy, beer, coffee and cocoa are some of the products that are made in this city full of trees.

Although the passage of time brought with it modernity, industrial advances and the increase in population, in Yaoundé several old buildings still stand and the natural spaces that give so much identity to the place are respected.

History

The city was founded in 1888 by merchants of German origin to use it as a support in the ivory trade and as a site for agricultural research. Definitely it was founded on 30 November as as 1889 by Kurt von Morgen, George Zenker and Mebenga Mebono. The first name of the city was Epsum, meaning “home of Essomba”, or N’tsonum, “home of Essono Ela”, during the German colonization. The ivory trade greatly influenced its later development. During the First World War it was occupied by Belgian troops. In 1922 it became the capital of Cameroon French, a position he held even after the nation’s independence.

During the Second World War it was replaced for a time as the capital of the former province of East Cameroon.

At the beginning its development was slow, as rural emigration favored the city of Douala. But in 1957, the product of the cocoa crisis and the traumatic events that occurred mainly in that region increased.

Geography

The city is located in the central area of the country in a set of hills where the most prominent elevations are: the Mbam Minkom (1295 m) and Nkolodom (1221m) mountains, in the northeast, and the Eloumden (1159 m) in the southeast.

In its neighborhoods, vegetation occupies an important place. It has several parks and public gardens, such as those that surround the monument to Charles Atangana, the mayor’s office or the Palace of Congress.

It is run by several waterways, including the Mfoundi, Biyeme and Mefou rivers. In Yaoundé there is an artificial lake where a yacht club has been created

Climate

Compared to hot Douala, Yaoundé has a cooler and more pleasant climate

Population

The city is home to about 2,000,000 residents, its population density is 5,691 residents per km². Two out of every three Cameroonians live in the city. Annual population growth of 6.8% is estimated. See population of Cameroon.

Economic development

The city is located in an area of cocoa, plantain (banana), sugar cane and coffee production ; close to the city there are gold and titanium mines. In its industrial production, the production of tobacco, vegetable oils, dairy products, beer and palmderivatives, as well as the production of bricks, tiles, local handicrafts, wood and soap stand out.

Education

Many government buildings have their headquarters in Yaoundé, as well as the Pasteur Institute for Biomedical Research (1959) and the University of Yaoundé (1962), among many other educational institutions.

Culture and tourism

Both the residents and the tourists who visit the region, can enjoy the existence of a large number of parks and public gardens, appreciate the characteristics of historical buildings (among which we can mention the palace of Charles Atangana d’Efoulan), visit the Mokolo market, visit museums (such as the Afhemi, the Cameroon Art and the National), take a family walk through the zoo located in the Mvog-Betsi neighborhood or have fun at night in restaurants or nightclubs.

Transportation

In relation to the alternatives that this city offers in terms of transport, it must be said that, in Yaoundé, the offer includes the services of an international airport, but also the operation of several train lines and numerous buses that help to connect to this locality with other regions of the country.

Sports

In this city there is the Ahmadou Ahidjo stadium where the national soccer team plays frequently.

As an important sporting event, the Chantal Biya Grand Prix is held, a professional cycling race in stages of the UCI Africa Tour that ends in Yaoundé.

Famous people of the city

  • Modeste M’Bami, footballer
  • Roger Milla, footballer.
  • Luc Bessala, footballer.
  • Achille Emana, footballer.
  • Jean Makoun, footballer.
  • Samuel Etoo, footballer.
  • Luc Richard Mbah a Moute, basketball player.
  • Françoise Mbango Etone, athlete.

Government and politics

Paul Biya of the Popular Democratic Alliance (APDC) has governed since 1982. The APDC also gained control of Parliament in 1992 and Biya was re-elected that year and in 1997.

The main opposition group, the Social Democratic Front, has questioned the outcome of those elections. In 1997, their candidate, John Ndi, rejected Biya’s victory.

Human rights

Regarding human rights, regarding membership in the seven bodies of the International Bill of Human Rights, which include the Human Rights Committee (HRC), Cameroon has signed or ratified:

Column 1 Column 2
CESCR 1 B
CESCR-OP 4
CCPR 1 B
CCPR-OP1 1 B
CCPR-OP2 3
CERD 1
CEDAW 1 B
CEDAW-OP 2
CAT 1 B
CRC 1 B
CRC-OP-AC 2
CRC-OP-SC 1
MWC 3
CRPD 2
CRPD-OP 2

Yaoundé, Cameroon